All you need to know about the Ghana Flag.

national flag is a flag that represents and symbolizes a country. The national flag is flown by the government of a country, but can usually also be flown by citizens of the country. A national flag is designed with specific meanings for its colours and symbols. The colours of the national flag may be worn by the people of a nation to show their patriotism, or related paraphernalia that show the symbols or colours of the flag may be used for those purposes.

Photo Credit: Bob Pixel Photography

The design of a national flag may be altered after the occurrence of important historical events. As the flag of the new nation was raised in Ghana on 6 March 1957, it symbolised victory and new beginnings. The national flag of Ghana was designed and adopted in 1957 and was flown until 1962, and then reinstated in 1966. It consists of the Pan-African colours of red, gold, and green, in horizontal stripes, with a black five-pointed star in the centre of the gold stripe.

5 Things you didn’t know about the Ghana Flag

  1. The flag was designed by a Ghanaian Stateswoman, teacher, and artist; Theodosia Okoh
  2. The Ghanaian flag was the second flag to feature a combination of red, green and yellow.
  3. The design of Ghana’s flag influenced that of Guinea-Bissau, which was adopted in 1973
  4. The red represents the blood of those who died in the country’s struggle for independence from Great Britain, the gold represents the mineral wealth of the country, the green symbolises the country’s rich forests and natural wealth, and the black star is the symbol of African emancipation
  5. The black star was adopted from the flag of the Black Star Line, a shipping line incorporated by Marcus Garvey that operated from 1919 to 1922.[5] It is where the Ghana national football team derive their nickname, the “Black Stars”.

The Meaning of the Flag

I decided on the three colors of red, gold & green because of the geography of Ghana. Ghana lies in the tropics and blessed with rich vegetation. The color Gold was influenced by the mineral rich nature of our lands and Red commemorates those who died or worked for the country’s independence. Then the five pointed lone star which is the symbol of African emancipation and unity in the struggle agianst colonialism. 

Mrs. Theodosia Salome Okoh

History 

The Ghanaian government flag, adopted in 1957, was flown until 1962. Similarly, when the country formed the Union of African States, the flag of the Union was modeled on Bolivia’s flag, but with two black stars, representing the nations. In May 1959, a third star was added.

Flag of the Kingdom of Ashanti, eventually absorbed into the Gold Coast.

Flag of the Gold Coast, the forerunner to Ghana. Used until 1957.

First flag of the Union of African States with Guinea, used between 1958 and 1961.

Second flag of the Union of African States, used between 1961 and 1964 (after Mali joined).

Ghana national flag (1964–66).

Flag of the Presidency of Ghana since 1966.

The Ghanaian government flag, adopted in 1957, was flown until 1962. Similarly, when the country formed the Union of African States, the flag of the Union was modeled on Bolivia’s flag, but with two black stars, representing the nations. In May 1959, a third star was added.

Following the January 1964 constitutional referendum, Ghana adopted a variant of the 1957 tricolour with white in the place of yellow, after the colours of Kwame Nkrumah’s ruling and then-sole legal party Convention People’s Party, making it similar to the flag of Hungary. The original 1957 flag was reinstated on February 1966 following Nkrumah’s overthrow in a coup d’état.Flag of the Kingdom of Ashanti, eventually absorbed into the Gold Coast.

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